Below are the fundamental obligations the government of any nation owes its people
#1 The Maintenance of Law and Order
Since citizens surrendered their rights to fight and ensure self-justice to the government, it is therefore the duty of every government to ensure that law and order is maintained in a State and that offenders are punished according to the tenets of the constitution. The Government ensure law and order in a state through the forces (police, army, marine, etc.) and the courts
#2 The Protection of Lives and Properties
This is the most challenging among all obligations of the state to her citizens – the protection of lives and properties. The government is obligated to protect the lives and properties of all her citizens including citizens residing abroad. Right to life is the pillar of the fundamental human rights and every good government should help her citizens nourish this right as this right ensures the continuity of government.
#3 The Provision of Social Amenities
Conventionally, Government generated revenue from the taxation, international trade gains and other local transactions is channeled to the provision of social amenities for the citizenry. This is a core obligation of a responsible government. Such amenities include construction of good and accessible road networks, building well equipped and up to date health care systems, provision of adequate electricity supply to sustain and enhance productivity, building of schools to enhance literacy, etc.
#4 The Promotion of Economic Growth and Development
The government of any state must promote growth and development at the economic level. The fulfillment of this 4th obligation flows from the 3rd point. To ensure, the promotion of economic development, certain economic environments must be conditioned. E.g. Financial Access Ease and Flexibility, Stable macroeconomic and political condition, policies that enhance business operations, etc. More so to the promotion of economic development, effective fiscal and monetary policies that promote growth and development should be put in place.
#5 The Protection of Human Rights
Protection of Citizen’s constitutional rights is a must for government. This could be achieved through an independent judiciary in order to arbitrate without bias.
#6 The Maintenance of External Relations
Securing strong economic and political bonds with the league nations is another obligation of government. Government must be able to secure good external relations with other nations in order to guarantee a safe and peaceful co-existence between her citizens and the world.